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Luminescence dating refers to a group of methods of determining how long ago mineral grains were last exposed to sunlight or sufficient heating.
It is useful to geologists and archaeologists who want to know when such an event occurred.
The dose distributions of all samples are broadly scattered and have overdispersion values between 25 and 43%, some samples are significantly skewed.
The shape of the dose distributions points to other sources of scatter, in addition to partial bleaching.
Borates such as colemanite are thought by some to have stabilized ribose, an essential component of ribonucleic acid and critical for the self-assembly of prebiotic organic compounds to constitute life; others have proposed that ribose was stabilized by borate in solution.
Boron isotopes provide insight on the processes responsible for the creation of continental crust, and act as a proxy for paleoclimate.
Moreover, comparison of equivalent dose (De) values of 1 mm and 8 mm aliquots shows higher equivalent doses for the large aliquots.
Both experiments indicate that the luminescence signal is partially bleached prior to deposition.
Optical alternatives to thermal stabilization were tested using dye and krypton lasers.
Extreme concentrations of boron result in economic evaporitic deposits, and, thus, water-soluble boron minerals, notably borax, have been among the most accessible of useful compounds to humankind, even in antiquity.
At Wadi Sabra (SW Jordan) human occupation dates back to the Palaeolithic and Epipalaeolithic.
We have verified the key assumption intrinsic to the method — that the optical signal is zeroed completely upon exposure to daylight.
We also show that the rate of zeroing in optical dating is much more rapid than it is in TL dating.
The trapped charge accumulates over time at a rate determined by the amount of background radiation at the location where the sample was buried.